Monday, February 3, 2014

Process of memory retrieval

The three primary components of memory are encoding, storage and retrieval.

Retrieval refers to the processes involved when one accesses information that has been stored in long term memory. It is the process bringing information to mind.

Retrieving long–held information is one of the marvels of the human brain. Though some memories seem to be retrieved effortlessly, others depend in using certain clues, called retrieval cues, to help jog them into awareness. 

Retrieval cues are stimuli associated with situation in which memories were originally formed.

There are two patterns of memory retrieval:
*Recall versus recognition
*Serial position effects

Retrieval actually involves two types of processes: a spontaneous, automatic process that brings information into consciousness and a controlled, strategic process that guides a search for information.

The brain is capable of handling several retrieval procedures in parallel at any given time. Despite its complexity, most of long term activation and retrieval is automatic and nearly instantaneous.
Process of memory retrieval